We face a new reality: disasters and shocks are occurring more frequently and chronic stresses are lasting longer. Our future will be defined by three drivers: increasing complexity; where societies and ecosystems become more intertwined, global interconnectivity, and surprise. Stability and assumptions of linear, incremental change are history. Shock and stress – from rapid climate change, growing urbanization, to pandemics and conflict are here to stay. Protracted crises have become the new norm. And the most vulnerable are hit hardest.